I am an Assistant Professor in the School of Information Science at the University of Kentucky. In my research, I seek to understand how surveillance and information and communication technologies (ICTs) regulate human behavior (as forms of techno-regulation) and how they are regulated by law (or law-like systems of governance). My work crosses the fields of surveillance studies, law and technology, information policy/politics, media law and policy, and social studies of information technology (social informatics). I engage in social research, using mixed-methods (ranging from ethnographic fieldwork to interviews, surveys, FOI requests, and the visualization of geo-spatial surveillance data), as well as legal research and analytic argumentation.
My recent and on-going research is focused on three areas within this broader context. First,I am studying police officer use of body-worn cameras, the public disclosure of body-worn camera footage under access to information law, and police officer attitudes towards, and concerns about, bystander (citizen) video and the proliferation of these videos online. Second, I examine the information behaviors of clandestine migrants, the humanitarian information activities and use of ICTs by humanitarian and migrant-aid organizations, and border surveillance along the U.S.-Mexico border. And, third, I am studying the criminalization of certain expressive activities, especially those involving the capture and dissemination of visual images — e.g., citizen video (witnessing and inverse-surveillance), voyeurism, non-consensual (revenge) pornography.
I earned my Ph.D. in Information Science at the University of Washington, where I was affiliated with the Tech Policy Lab, the Value Sensitive Design Research Lab, the Comparative Law and Society Studies (CLASS) Center, and the Program on Values in Society. I received my Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of California, Davis School of Law. I am licensed to practice law in California (currently inactive), and was a 2013 Google Policy Fellow, hosted by CIPPIC at the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law (Ottawa, Ontario). Prior to coming to the University of Kentucky, I was a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) at Tilburg University in the Netherlands.
I have discussed my research on NPR (All Things Considered) and written about body-worn cameras for Slate. My research has been cited in a variety of academic journals as well as the New York Times Magazine. In 2016, I co-edited a special debate section on police body cameras in Surveillance & Society.