I am an Assistant Professor in the School of Information Science at the University of Kentucky. I study surveillance, criminal procedure, policing, criminal law (cybercrime), irregular immigration, privacy, and access to information. I seek to understand how surveillance and information and communication technologies (ICTs) regulate human behavior (as forms of techno-regulation) and how they are regulated by law (or law-like systems of governance). At UK, I teach courses on Cybercrime, Internet and E-Commerce Regulation, and Issues in ICT Policy.
My recent and on-going projects include research into the adoption of police body-worn cameras, the public disclosure of body camera footage and automated license (number) plate recognition databases, citizen video of police conduct, information seeking and technology use by undocumented/irregular immigrants, and the experiences of undocumented immigrants with, and perceptions of, state and private surveillance along international borders. I have published widely in peer-reviewed journals and law reviews, including the UC Irvine Law Review (forthcoming), North Carolina Law Review (forthcoming), New Media & Society (forthcoming), Indiana Law Journal, Law & Social Inquiry, Government Information Quarterly, The Information Society, Surveillance & Society, University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Maine Law Review, and Creighton Law Review (among others). I have co-edited two books, Surveillance, Privacy, and Public Space (Routledge, 2018), and Privacy in Public Space: Conceptual and Regulatory Challenges (Edward Elgar, 2017). I am also currently writing a monograph for The MIT Press, based on my research into body-worn camera deployment by multiple American police agencies, and I am also editing a book on police body-worn camera policy and practice for Routledge.
I earned my Ph.D. in Information Science at the University of Washington, where I was affiliated with the Tech Policy Lab, the Value Sensitive Design Research Lab, the Comparative Law and Society Studies (CLASS) Center, and the Program on Values in Society. I received my Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of California, Davis School of Law. I am licensed to practice law in California (currently inactive), and was a 2013 Google Policy Fellow, hosted by CIPPIC at the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law (Ottawa, Ontario). Prior to coming to the University of Kentucky, I was a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) at Tilburg University in the Netherlands.
I have discussed my research on NPR (All Things Considered) and written about body-worn cameras for Slate. My research has been cited in a variety of academic journals as well as the New York Times Magazine. In 2016, I co-edited a special debate section on police body cameras in Surveillance & Society.
- My new article, “Context, visibility, and control: Police work and the contested objectivity of bystander video” has just been published by New Media & Society! [7/18]
- My book, Surveillance, Privacy and Public Space (which I co-edited along with Bert-Jaap Koops and Tjerk Timan) has been published by Routledge. The book is part of the new Routledge Studies in Surveillance book series. [7/18]
- I wrote an invited foreword for the newest issue of the European Data Protection Law Review, entitled “Privacy as Antipower: In Pursuit of Non-Domination.” [4/18]
- My new article, The Reasonableness of Remaining Unobserved: A Comparative Analysis of Visual Surveillance and Voyeurism in Criminal Law (with Bert-Jaap Koops, Andrew Roberts, Ivan Škorvánek, and Maša Galič) has been published in Law & Social Inquiry. [1/18]
- My new book, Privacy in Public Space: Conceptual and Regulatory Challenges (co-edited with Tjerk Timan and Bert-Jaap Koops) is now out in hardback from Edward Elgar as part of the Elgar Law, Technology and Society book series. [11/17]
- I was thrilled to participate in the North Carolina Law Review’s 2017 symposium on police body cameras as well as to help organize a post-symposium workshop with police agency and industry representatives, lawmakers, and academics in Chapel Hill, N.C. [11/17]
- My article, Collateral Visibility: A Socio-Legal Study of Police Body Camera Adoption, Privacy, and Public Disclosure in Washington State, has been published in the Indiana Law Journal! [10/17]